PALYNOLOGICAL PALYNOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF ALLERGENIC AND INVASIVE WEEDS PLANTS FOR BIODIVERSITY IN DISTRICT LAKKI MARWAT USING SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
A total of 16 different allergenic and invasive weed species belonging to 12 different families collected from different areas of study area. Among the studied plants, most of the species belong to the Asteraceae family. For morphological studies of pollen through LM and SEM the samples were acetalized. We done the fieldwork for the collection of weed plants and also performed the experimental work i.e. SEM and LM for the pollen morphology. Most of the species recorded with pollen of tricolporate and echinate. Species belonging to Asteraceae were considered as most abundant and allergenic as compared to others. The maximum polar diameter was noted in the Convolvulus arvensis is 40.00 µm and the minimum were noted in Oxalis corniculata is 6.15 µm. Maximum exine thickness was noted in convolvulus arvensis is 3.70 µm and Minimum were noted in Sorghum halepense is 1.65 µm. It was noticed that most of the allergenic and invasive weeds found in plain areas of Lakki Marwat during September and April. Present study provides information about the allergenic and invasive weeds plants and their threats to biodiversity. The pollen of such weed plants causes asthma and atopy disease in humans.