|Title||ETHNOBOTANICAL STUDY OF IMPORTANT WILD PLANTS OF DISTRICT SWABI KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA PAKISTAN|
|Authors||Shahida Naveed , Madeeha , Inayatullah Khattak and Khan Bahadar Marwat|
A detailed study was conducted during summer 2016, in order to collect information about the ethnobotanical uses of important plants of tehsil Swabi, District Swabi and documented it for future use. The present investigation comprises the indigenous uses of 104 plant species belonging to 54 families based upon their utility. Out of this rich ethnobotnical germplasm, the most important families were Asteraceae, Amaranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Asteraceae, Chenopodiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae, Mimosaceae, Papilionaceae, Poaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceaeand Solonaceae . The most common plants in the area were Albizia lebbeek L., Cuscuta reflexa Roxb, Citrus medica L., Dodonia viscosa L., Ficus carica L., Nerium oleander L., Mentha longifolia L., Ocimum basilicum L., Portulaca sp. Some plants were important for their wild fruits i.e. Capparis decidua Forsk., Solanum nigrum L., while , Medicago polymerpha L. and Chenopodium album L. were wild vegetables. It is concluded from the current study that the research area is rich in wild flora and the local community has a diverse knowledge about the use of plants of the target area. The present findings will prove a key to identify those elements in a plant with a pharmacological value that is ultimately meant for the international markets.