|Title||Weeds and pest control related information and strategies adopted by different groups of farmers on wheat crop in khyber agency fata, Pakistan|
|Authors||Shakirullah Khan and Khalid Nawab|
A study was conducted in July-August, 2014 in order to collect weeds/ pest control related information and strategies required to increase the wheat yield in Khyber Agency FATA. The data revealed that weed problem was faced by 21.9% respondents, followed by 7.14% and 7.61% respondents who claimed insects and diseases respectively in their wheat fields alone. Weeds plus insects, weeds plus diseases, and insect plus diseases were faced by 20.47%, 14.28% and 14.76% respondents respectively. All the three types of pests were faced by 13.80% of the farmers. Statistically the three groups were non-significantly different in this respect. Weeds were rendered as a very severe problem by 54.28% respondents, insects by 9.52% and diseases by 0.9%. The same three problems were considered sever by 27.14%, 44.76% and 31.90% respondents respectively. However, the differences found among the three groups were significant. A majority of 26.19% farmers used pesticide dealers as source of information. Other 13.33% used extension agents, 11.42% used fellow farmers and 9.04% used their own experience and knowledge in this regard. Radio and T.V were used by 7.61% of the respondents. Other used these sources in combination / collectively for obtaining weeds/ pest control related information. A majority of 36% respondents had started weedicides/ pesticides use from 16-20 years ago, followed by 32% and 16% respondents who started its use from 11-15 and 6-10 years ago, respectively. Â Only 11.42% had started its use for above 20 years ago. Large farmers followed by medium farmers were the early adopters of weedicides/ pesticides due to their better socio-economic conditions and land holdings with significantly different association, statistically. Only one commercial name of weedicide was told by 35.71% respondents, two by 23.81%, three by 20.47% and four by only 10% of the surveyed respondents. It is concluded that due to low literacy ratio, unawareness and poverty farmers were not in the position to know the required weedicides /pesticides and use it in a proper way and timings. It is recommended that farmers should be trained regarding selection and safe and sound use of weedicides/ pesticides along with integrated pest management (IPM) strategies.