WEED FLORA OF AMIR MUHAMMAD KHAN CAMPUS MARDAN, PAKISTAN
Ijaz Ahmad, Fazal Munsif, Wiqar Ahmad and Sultan Akber
The study was conducted at Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, Khyber Pakhtankhwa-Pakistan during flowering season i.e spring 2015 to explore different weeds of the area taxonomically. Amir Muhammad Khan campus is a sub-campus of The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtankhwa-Pakistan, located in Mardan presently at the Regional Institute for Teacher Education (RITE) building in Pabani village. During the study many terrestrial weeds were considered for data recording and plant collection. The research area was lush green due to its location near the agricultural fields for crops. Collected, properly preserved and pasted plants on herbarium sheets were submitted to the AMK campus Mardan for ready reference for the students. During the study 19 weeds species belonging to 19 genera were collected from the research area. These genera can be placed in 12 families of Angiosperms belonging to both Dicot and Monocot classes. Dicot group of Angiosperms was dominant by recording more (11 families) as compared only one monocot. Among the dicots, maximum weeds (4) were reported for Asteraceae (Compositae) followed by Papilionaceae (3). Remaining 9 families were represented by one genus and one species each and they were Poaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Brassicaceae (Cruciferae), Apiaceae, Oxallidaceae, Amaranthaceae, Malvaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Convolvulaceae and Chenopodiaceae. The present research work is a preliminary study towards the identification, classification and organization of a weed flora of the research area, which could be in the same way useful for both botanists as well as weed scientists.