ETHNOBOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF WEEDS GROWING IN THE MAIZE FIELDS AT CHAGHAR MATTI, DISTRICT PESHAWAR
Muhammad Aaqil Khan, Asad Ullah, Lal Badshah and Muhammad Hamayun
Fourty six (46) species belongs to 21 families were reported from the maize crop at Chaghar Matti, District Peshawar. Poaceae was the dominant family with 12 species followed by Solanaceae with 5 species and Euphorbiaceae 4 species. The remaining families were represented by 3 or less than 3 species each. Fourty three (43)taxa are used for various purposes i.e. fodder(17 spp.), wound healing (9 spp.), ear pain (4spp.), fever and itching (2 spp.) and (1 sp.); as vegetable and for ornamental purpose. In term of usage whole plant was frequent part used (46.51%), leaves (37.20%), roots (6.97%), fruit, latex, shoot (4.65%) seed and flower (2.32%).Therophytes (80.43%) was the dominant life form class and microphylls (39.13%) was the dominant leaf size class. The phenology revealed that 31 species were in reproductive stage, in which 20 were at fruiting and 15 were in vegetative stage.Abundance status showed that13.04% weeds were very abundant, 17.39% abundant, 34.78% infrequent, 28.26% rare and 6.52% were found to be very rare. It was observed that most of the weeds were annual if physical eradicationat vegetative stage is carried out then the growth and reproduction of these weeds can be easily controlled.